Mandatory Residential Organics Recycling
Recycling Organic Waste
The City of Citrus Heights is currently developing its residential organics recycling program to be in compliance with the new statewide organics recycling mandate. Information on food waste for businesses and commercial compliance can be found here.
What is SB 1383?
In September 2016, Governor Brown signed into law SB 1383, establishing methane emissions reduction targets in a statewide effort to reduce emissions of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCP) in various sectors of California's economy. SB 1383 establishes targets to achieve a 50 percent reduction in the level of the statewide disposal of organic waste from the 2014 level by 2020 and a 75 percent reduction by 2025.
Methane emissions resulting from the decomposition of organic waste in landfills are a significant source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions contributing to global climate change. Food waste alone accounts for approximately 17-18 percent of total landfill disposal. Increasing food waste prevention, encouraging edible food rescue, and expanding the composting and diversion of organic waste throughout the state will help reduce methane emissions from California's landfills.
July 1, 2020 - CalRecycle begins analyzing the progress that the waste sector, state governments, and local governments have made in regards to achieving organic waste reduction targets for 2020 and 2025. Upon conclusion of this analysis, CalRecycle may include incentives or additional requirements in the regulations to facilitate progress toward achieving the organic disposal reduction targets.
July 1, 2021 - Businesses in Sacramento must meet state mandates for diverting recyclables and organic material.
January 1, 2022 - CalRecycle’s regulations to meet the organic waste reduction targets for 2020 and 2025 take effect and are enforceable on this date.
January 1, 2024 - CalRecycle may require local jurisdictions to impose penalties for non-compliance on regulated entities subject to their authority.
January 1, 2025 - By this date, the state must achieve a 75% reduction in the level of statewide disposal of organic waste from the 2014 level. In addition, not less than 20 percent of currently disposed edible food must be recovered for human consumption.
Who is Affected?
The new organic waste law affects all Californians, including single- and multi-family homes, commercial entities, and schools. The City of Citrus Heights is expecting to launch its organics recycling program for residents in summer 2022. If you would like more information, you can watch this short video or visit this website.
- What is SB 1383?
Senate Bill 1383 is a statewide organic waste recycling mandate which was passed in 2016 and is intended to divert short-lived climate pollutants from landfills, reducing organic waste, food waste, and greenhouse gas emissions. You can view the legislation text here.
How will this law help the environment?
Landfill gas created by decomposing organic waste is a significant source of overall greenhouse gas emissions. This law helps California achieve its aggressive recycling and greenhouse gas emission goals and address climate change by reducing materials in the landfill which produce gas.
How much landfill waste will this law reduce?
Despite the state’s robust and traditional recycling infrastructure, organic materials (yard trimmings, food scraps and soiled paper) make up about half of the State’s waste stream, and food waste is the largest single waste stream in California. Redirecting these resources to composting and digesting operations will save landfill space, generate energy, reduce emissions, and restore soils.
Who must comply with the new law?
The law affects all California residents, including those in single- and multi-family homes, commercial entities, and schools. The City of Citrus Heights is planning to launch its organics recycling program for residents in summer 2022. Education and outreach will be provided to Citrus Heights residents before the anticipated launch.
- What does this mean for residents?
Residents will dispose of all organic waste in their green waste bin, which is currently only used for yard waste, instead of the garbage bin. Organic waste refers to food waste (including vegetable and fruit scraps, eggshells, meat, dairy, bones, and rotting food), food-soiled paper, (including pizza boxes, coffee filters, and paper napkins) and yard trimmings. Residents who do not currently have a green yard waste cart will be provided a new cart for their organic waste service.
- When does the new requirement take effect?
Although the law takes effect for residential sectors in January 2022, organics recycling services is scheduled to begin for Citrus Heights residential customers in July 2022. Commercial entities and businesses were required to begin their mandatory organic recycling services starting July 1, 2021, or sooner depending on the amount of organic material generated.
Can I start using my yard waste bin to dispose of my food waste now?
Although we are very happy to see residents getting excited about upcoming residential organics recycling, residents cannot currently use their green yard waste cart for food waste. Waste processing facilities have different processing requirements for only green waste versus green waste mixed with organics. At this time, residents should continue placing only green waste in their yard waste cart until notified otherwise.
- Can a resident apply for an exemption or waiver?
This is a statewide mandate and there are no exemption waivers granted for individual residents. Business owners seeking a commercial exemption can apply here.
Will there be an exemption for residents who are currently exempt from having a yard waste bin?
Residents who are exempt from having a green yard waste cart will not be exempt from SB 1383, as all residents will be required to have an organic waste bin to dispose of their food waste to comply with the law.
What if I have no space for a new or larger bin?
All residents must have an organic waste bin to comply with the law. Multi-family residences (such as apartment complexes) will be provided with bins for their properties. The City and Republic Services will assess space concerns on a case-by-case basis to ensure all properties are in compliance with state regulations.
What if I already compost all my food waste/generate no food waste?
Under SB 1383, we are unfortunately not able to offer exemptions to customers who compost their food waste or who generate minimal food waste. However, Republic Services will provide free kitchen compost pails to customers before the launch of the new organics collection services, along with compost seminars and providing information about composting.
Can I self-haul my food waste?
We do not currently offer the option to self-haul food waste. Residents must be provide with organic waste collection service to comply with SB 1383.
- Will there be a special rate for low-income residents?
There are no special rates currently offered for this service.
Page last updated November 10, 2021.